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Help index these amazing records!!

If you had ancestors anywhere south of the Mason-Dixon line after the Civil War, step this way.

Into the richest, deepest, broadest set of genealogical records you may ever find.

The records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands — an agency that because known as the Freedmen’s Bureau.


What, you say? Your family doesn’t fall into the category of freedmen? You have no African-American roots?

No matter. Because that record set extends far beyond its name to just about anyone who lived or worked in the south in those years right after the Civil War.

And, starting today — Juneteenth — a major new initiative to make these records more widely accessible to researchers is getting underway — and it needs our help.

First off, the records. They are amazing, for descendants of all the slaves and all the slaveowners who struggled to redefine themselves, their lives and their communities after the war.

And for descendants all of the members of those communities who weren’t themselves slaves or slaveowners but whose lives were impacted by that struggle to redefine life after the war.

And for descendants of the legions of southerners who weren’t slaves or slaveowners before the war, but who simply needed government help after the war.

And for descendants of the legions of government workers and officials and teachers and relief workers who worked for the bureau.

In other words, for just about anyone who lived or worked in the south in those years right after the Civil War.

The records reflect a massive effort by the federal government first and foremost to assist the newly freed slaves in their transition to lives of their own. There are records of labor contracts as the freedmen sought employment, rather than servitude, after the war. There are the first ever real vital records for this community, as the freedmen sought to obtain recognition of their marriages and the legitimacy of their children.

There are records of schools for the freedmen and free children — often with the first ever records of those children and their accomplishments.

And there are records of the terrible clashes between the members of a society accustomed to being served and those no longer obligated to serve, and the role of the Freedmen’s Bureau in trying to obtain justice for the freedmen in a system stacked against them. It provides a view of the southern legal system that can’t be found in the records of the southern courts — an unparalleled opportunity to see how the system worked, and how it didn’t, in those years.

For descendants of slaves and slaveowners, the records help break through the issues of a system that left slaves with first names only — if even those were recorded — before the 1870 census. African-American research is dramatically aided by access to these records.

But the records are more than that. They reflect a massive effort also to stabilize the southern economy and bring the former rebel states back into the Union. So you will find evidence of relief provided to huge numbers of southern residents devastated by the war, and the interactions of ordinary citizens with government.

Sound good? That’s why heading to is one of the best decisions any southern researcher will make.

That’s where you’ll find the records, made available by FamilySearch, the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, the Afro-American Historical & Genealogical Society and the California African American Museum.

Having these records digitized is terrific.

So… the initiative. Because just having these records digitized isn’t good enough. Finding our needle in that government haystack is always a challenge — and these records are too valuable not to be mined for every single clue they offer to every American family with southern ties.

They need to be indexed… every single name needs to be recorded so every family can know its story.

That’s where we come in.

Starting today, in just a few hours, launches an indexing initiative to which each and every one of us can contribute. We did it with the 1940 census. We can do it with the Freedmen’s Bureau records.

Today, of course, is Juneteenth: that important historical and joyous celebration that commemorates the abolition of slavery — June 19, 1865, when General Gordon Granger and 2,000 troops arrived in Galveston, Texas, enforcing the freeing of the slaves.

Today is when we can access more of these Freedmen’s Bureau records than ever before, with new records from Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, North Carolina, Texas, and Virginia joining those already online from other southern states.

Today is a good day to join in the effort to help make these records more accessible.

So head on over to Listen to the announcement today of how we can all help make this rich resource available for family research.

Let’s all pitch in and get this done.

Our families deserve nothing less.

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