There’s a reason why we cite sources…

The Legal Genealogist almost wept yesterday.

First, with joy, on finding for the very first time what looked like it might be a specific hint to the burial places of my third great grandparents, Elijah Gentry and Wilmoth (Killen) Gentry of Mississippi.

Then, with frustration, on realizing that the information was at best second hand — and the cited sources don’t support what was written.

Not that I reached that conclusion quickly, mind you.

TombstoneI didn’t give up on the hope that maybe, just maybe, the hint would pan out until I had walked every inch of the cemetery in Neshoba County, Mississippi, to which my attention had been called.

But — alas — there really are no tombstones for Elijah and Wilmoth in Sand Hill Cemetery… and I have no idea why the author of this one new reference work thought there were.

Now understand I really didn’t expect to find anything except, perhaps, modern tombstones erected by descendants in the last few years.

There is a truly excellent survey of Neshoba County cemeteries that was done in 1987 by the Neshoba County Historical Society which — I noted with enormous regret when I first found that survey years ago — didn’t record any stones for Elijah and Wilmoth.1

And just about a decade later, a revised and updated cemetery survey by local historian and librarian Theresa Ridout didn’t record any stones for the Gentrys either.2

The chances that two separate local surveys would have missed these graves… well… I’ve only been looking for a clue to their death dates and burial locations for, oh, a kazillion years or so, and have been stymied from the outset. So let’s just say I wasn’t holding my breath.

But hope springs eternal, and all that, and I admit that I did, momentarily, have my breath stolen away by the entries in this new reference work.3

Which flat out says that there are 41 gravestones of persons born in the 18th century who died in Neshoba County… including:

Gentry, Rev. Elijah, 1787 GA – 1865

Gentry, Wilmoth Killen, wf of Elijah, 1795 NC – 1870s

And both, it says, were buried at Sand Hill Cemetery.

Now to be fair to the author, she doesn’t say she went out and looked at all these tombstones herself. She cites other reference works and, for Neshoba County, she cites the Ridout book and the Mississippi GenWeb project — without more detail.

Would that either of those actually did say where Elijah and Wilmoth were buried.

But they don’t, and since the author didn’t cite a more specific source for these specific entries…

I am really really annoyed.

And I’m at a loss…

Unless the author is still around, and still reachable at the email address included in the reference work, and still responding to inquiries, and still has her notes underlying her research, I’ll never know why she thought the Gentrys were buried there.

And if she’d cited her sources, in detail, in the first place…

Sigh…

Things like this really drive home why citing our sources, fully and completely, is an essential part of the Genealogical Proof Standard.


SOURCES

  1. Neshoba County Historical Society, Neshoba County Cemetery Records (Philadelphia, MS: Gregath Co., 1987).
  2. Theresa T. Ridout, Our Links to the Past : 1833-1996 Cemetery Records of Neshoba County, MS (Philadelphia, MS: Neshoba County Public Library, 1998).
  3. I am assiduously avoiding dissing the author by name at least until after I see if she still has her work notes…
Posted in General, Methodology, My family | 13 Comments

For the ease of finding my ancestors’ land

Those who, like The Legal Genealogist, have ancestors from what are called the state land states know the pain of trying to identify a land parcel that is described as beginning at an oak, running to a maple, thence to a rock in the stream and so forth.

Finding a piece of property described under the metes and bounds survey system is, to put it mildly, a challenge.1

So it is a distinct pleasure to be in Winston County Mississippi, where my Gentry and Robertson ancestors lived in the 19th century, on tracts of land described in terms like “the West half of the South East quarter of Section twenty nine in Township fifteen North, of Range fourteen East, in the District of Lands subject to sale at Columbus, Mississippi.”

Because it is just so easy to take that description and go directly to that parcel of land.

Or as close to it as 21st century backroads can take you, at least.

That description happens to be the exact description of 79.80 acres of land patented to my third great grandfather Elijah Gentry on 27 February 1841.2

It was a cash sale — so there aren’t a lot of the kinds of documents you can get with a homestead. No proof of settlement, no affidavits, nothing like that. Just a patent and a receipt for paying for the land.

And, thrown in for good measure, the easiest way in the world to get to his land, in person, now that I’m doing a road trip in Mississippi.

Here’s the way it works.

The federal Bureau of Land Management has a website for General Land Office Records where you can search by an ancestor’s name for Federal land conveyance records in the Public Land States — patents, survey plats and more showing the transfer of the land from federal ownership to individual ownership.

If you navigate to the General Land Office Records, and click on the link for Land Patents, or navigate directly to the Land Patents search page, you can enter the information you have available and search across many records.

In my case, I was looking for land in a particular location. So in the location fields, I chose Mississippi and then Winston County. And I was also looking for a particular ancestor’s land, so I entered his surname — Gentry — in the Names box.

I could have included more information — the land description, for example — since I already had that, but the great joy of the website is that you don’t need a whole lot of information to do a thorough search.

In my example, there’s only one Gentry land patent in Winston County, for my third great grandfather Elijah Gentry, and clicking on that link took me to the patent details page.

And that’s where you’ll find the extra little goodie section that I used yesterday.

Scroll down to the bottom. You’ll see a section entitled Land Descriptions, with a map of the United States. There’s an unchecked box under the word Map in the left hand column.

BLM1

Go ahead and check that box.

And magic occurs.

The map zooms in to Winston County, Mississippi, and overlaid on that is the exact area of Section 29 that was patented to Elijah Gentry.

BLM1a

You can easily see that it’s east of Louisville, the county seat of Winston County and north of Mississippi Highway 14.

Cool, huh?

It gets better.

On the left hand side of the map is a zoom bar where you can zoom the map in or out even more than it is now. Go ahead and start zooming in — keeping in mind that you may need to drag the map area itself to keep the Gentry land visible.

With just two more clicks of the zoom bar, you can begin to see local roads, and not just the state highway. You can see that the land is along Harold Ming Road, between Highway 14 and Yellow Creek Road.

With two more clicks of the zoom bar, you can see exactly where the Gentry land is today: just south of Yellow Creek Road, with the center of the tract right where Mack Eaves Road cuts east towards Obie Smith Road.

BLM

In other words… exact driving directions.

Along today’s modern roads.

To this location.

Gentry2

Where I stood, yesterday afternoon, soaking up the feeling of standing where my ancestors did, on land that they owned, more than 170 years ago.

Not every tract in the BLM GLO database is linked to an underlying map with this degree of detail. If you try the exact same trick with the land of my other third great grandfather William M. Robertson,3 the system returns a message that “Due to data limitations, we could not map the aliquots or lots of this land description. The township and section are shown.”

But when you know that the Robertson parcel is the south half of the east half of the southwest quarter of that section on the map, it doesn’t take much to place it pretty close to where Hull Road branches off from Yellow Creek Road towards the north:

BLM2

Here…

Robertson1

Where I stood, yesterday afternoon, soaking up the feeling of standing where my ancestors did, on land that they owned, more than 170 years ago.

Thank you, BLM…


SOURCES

  1. See generally FamilySearch Research Wiki (https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/), “Metes and Bounds,” rev. 24 Aug 2014.
  2. Elijah Gentry (Winston County, Mississippi), land patent no. 12322, 27 February 1841; “Land Patent Search,” digital images, General Land Office Records (http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/search/default.aspx : accessed 14 June 2015).
  3. William M. Robertson (Winston County, Mississippi), land patent no. 13267, 27 February 1841; “Land Patent Search,” digital images, General Land Office Records (http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/search/default.aspx : accessed 14 June 2015).
Posted in General, Methodology, My family, Resources | 18 Comments

STR-ing along

The Legal Genealogist is on the road, so the blog during this extended trip is featuring terms we all need to understand and use as genealogists.

Today’s term, for DNA Sunday, is STR.

It’s an acronym, short for Short Tandem Repeat, and it’s an important part of DNA analysis particularly for the YDNA direct-male-line testing so many of us and our kin are doing.

By definition, “A short tandem repeat (STR) in DNA occurs when a pattern of two or more nucleotides are repeated and the repeated sequences are directly adjacent to each other. An STR is also known as a microsatellite.”1

Hmmm… that’s not all that helpful, is it?

Try it this way: STRs are “short sequences of DNA, normally of length 2-5 base pairs, that are repeated numerous times in a head-tail manner.”2

Not clear, still?

How about this, from the Stewart Society’s genetic genealogy page: “STRs (short tandem repeats) measure the number of times a sequence of genetic code is repeated at a specific location on the Y-chromosome.”3

Still a little fuzzy? Think of it this way. All of our DNA — every single spot in every single location — is one of four chemicals (called nucleotides) — adenine, cytosine, guanine or thymine. Think of them as A, C, G, and T. When a lab computer reads our DNA, it’s detecting which of those four appears at a particular location.

An STR is when you get repeat sequences, say, GATC, again and again at that location. And how many of those repeat sequences helps us group people genetically, or separate them genetically, into families.

str

The chart above shows three participants in a hypothetical family YDNA project. One of the men has seven repeats, one has eight and one has nine. If all other markers are the same among them, then John is a genetic distance of one from David and two from Tom. David is a genetic distance of one from each of the others. Tom is a genetic distance of one from David and two from John.

Got it?

If not, just STR-ing along with me. We’ll get there eventually…


SOURCES

  1. ISOGG Wiki (http://www.isogg.org/wiki), “Short tandem repeat,” rev. 20 July 2013.
  2. What is a Short Tandem Repeat Polymorphism (STR)?,” The Biology Project, University of Arizona (http://www.biology.arizona.edu/ : accessed 13 June 2015).
  3. “STR markers and SNP markers,” Bannockburn Genetic Genealogy Project, The Stewart Society (http://www.stewartsociety.org : accessed 13 June 2015).
Posted in DNA | 2 Comments

No, actually, it’s not misspelled

The Legal Genealogist is on the road, so the blog during this extended trip is featuring terms we all need to understand and use as genealogists.

Today’s term is quot.

quotAnd no, actually, it’s not misspelled there, even though it sure looks wrong, doesn’t it?

The word quot, spelled just like that, without any “e” at the end, is a term from Scottish law, and it means a “twentieth part of the movable estate of a person dying, which was due to the bishop of the diocese within which the person resided.”1

So, you might ask, what’s the movable estate? Great question — and one you won’t find an answer to in Black’s Law Dictionary. It was simply personal property — everything not attached to the land.2

And why might we as genealogists care? Because if we know what the quot was, then even if we don’t have any other document saying what the value of the person’s personal property was, a bit of math — quot times 20 — gives us the total value of all the personal property that individual owned.

Just one more clue… at least if we have Scottish ancestors… who paid the quot.


SOURCES

  1. Henry Campbell Black, A Dictionary of Law (St. Paul, Minn. : West, 1891), 990, “quot.”
  2. See The Law Dictionary (http://http://thelawdictionary.org/ : accessed 7 June 2015), “movable estate.”
Posted in Legal definitions | 3 Comments

Getting SNP’y with DNA

The Legal Genealogist is on the road, so the blog during this extended trip is featuring terms we all need to understand and use as genealogists.

Today’s term, for DNA Sunday, is SNP.

Pronounced “snip.”

Dna-SNPIt’s an acronym, short for Single Nucleotide Polymorphism.

Which, all in all, is such a mouthful that it’s no wonder it got shortened to SNP.

By definition, it’s “a DNA sequence variation occurring when a single nucleotide adenine (A), thymine (T), cytosine (C), or guanine (G]) in the genome (or other shared sequence) differs between members of a species or paired chromosomes in an individual.”1

Right.

That helps a lot, doesn’t it? (She says, with tongue in cheek and a huge dose of sarcasm.)

Think of it this way: a SNP is “a change in your DNA code at a specific point.”2 And we look at those changes to “confirm haplogroup assignments, to learn more about … deep ancestry and to rule out false positive matches” with possible cousins.3

So SNPs help us figure out exactly where we belong — on what branch of the human family tree — and who else ought to be hanging out on that branch with us.

SNPs.

Something to get snippy about, for sure.


SOURCES

Image: SNP model by David Eccles, CC BY 4.0

  1. ISOGG Wiki (http://www.isogg.org/wiki), “Single-nucleotide polymorphism,” rev. 5 Apr 2015.
  2. “Glossary: Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP),” Learning Center, Family Tree DNA (https://www.familytreedna.com/learn/glossary/ : accessed 6 June 2015).
  3. ISOGG Wiki (http://www.isogg.org/wiki), “SNP testing,” rev. 8 May 2015.
Posted in DNA | 2 Comments

71 years after D-Day

The Legal Genealogist is on the road, so the blog focuses on terms of use to genealogists and family historians.

Terms like sacrifice.

Because it is, today, 71 years after the D-Day invasion, when thousands of Allied troops stormed ashore on the beaches of Normandy and, through their sacrifice, enabled the armies of freedom to make the last push to defeat the Axis forces in Europe and bring an end to the Second World War.

DDay

Thank you to all who sacrificed so much that June day, 71 years ago today.


IMAGE: Carol Highsmith, National D-Day Memorial, Bedford, Virginia; Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division

Posted in General | 1 Comment

Not only what we think

To keep readers from feeling bereft while The Legal Genealogist is on the road, the blog over the next week or so will continue to focus on terms — words and phrases — we may come across in legal documents that don’t always mean what we think they mean.

Words like today’s term of the day: quarantine.

quarantineWe all think we know what quarantine means, and — for the most part — we do.

It’s that time period during which people or animals who were — or were thought to be — infected with a contagious disease would be isolated away from others in order to prevent the spread of the disease, right? That, after all, is the basic dictionary definition.1

My own grandmother, as a child, had been quarantined with her family in the brand new State of Oklahoma just after her father had homesteaded as a successful bidder in the Big Pasture land sale there. The disease: smallpox.2 It was an horrific experience she never forgot.

The term has a somewhat more specific definition in the legal sense, from a maritime origin:

A period of time (theoretically forty days) during which a vessel coming from a place where a contagious or infectious disease is prevalent, is detained by authority in the harbor of her port of destination, or at a station near it, without being permitted to land or to discharge her crew or passengers. Quarantine is said to have been first established at Venice in 1484.3

But that’s not all it means, in a legal sense.

There’s an alternate definition in the context of real property — land — where we as genealogists may come up against it as well.

In that context, it means the “space of forty days during which a widow has a right to remain in her late husband’s principal mansion immediately after his death. The right of the widow is also called her ‘quarantine.’”4

Remember that, for generations, women living in common law jurisdictions — England, the United States, Canada, Australia and elsewhere — didn’t inherit from their husbands. They may have cleared the land, planted the land, lived on the land, raised kids on the land — but they didn’t own the land and it didn’t pass to them when their husbands died.5

Their rights were limited to whatever the law of dower gave them — usually a life estate in one-third of their husband’s lands.6 And, if they were lucky, that life estate would include the house (that principal mansion). But even if it didn’t, quarantine was the right not to have to leave that house for a time after the husband’s death.

Not quite the concept we have in mind when we hear the word, is it?

But one we need to know.


SOURCES

Image: Flickr.com, user Monado, CC BY-SA 2.0

  1. See Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (http://www.m-w.com : accessed 4 June 2015), “quarantine.”
  2. Homestead Proof–Testimony of Claimant, 29 August 1908, Jasper C. Robertson (Tillman County, Oklahoma), cash sale entry, certificate no. 246, Lawton, Oklahoma, Land Office; Land Entry Papers, 1800-1908; Records of the Bureau of Land Management; Record Group 49, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  3. Henry Campbell Black, A Dictionary of Law (St. Paul, Minn. : West, 1891), 975-976, “quarantine.”
  4. Ibid.
  5. See generally Marylynn Salmon, Women and the Law of Property in Early America (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1986).
  6. Ibid.
Posted in Legal definitions | 6 Comments

The language of the law

The Legal Genealogist is on the road (yes, again) and the schedule for the next week or more is going to be brutal.

queen-of-heartsGreat fun — first with the Southern California Genealogical Society’s Jamboree and DNA Day, and then with the Institute of Genealogy and Historical Research in Alabama.

But demanding of time and attention, for sure.

So guess what isn’t going to be attended to as diligently over that next week or more?

You got it in one.

But as usual I don’t want to leave my faithful readers with a blank space where words are wont to be so…

The terms of the day today are just about polar opposites. Well, I suppose in some cases maybe not so much, when applied to the same person, but…

A queen was (and is) a “woman who possesses the sovereignty and royal power in a country under a monarchical form of government. The wife of a king.”1

She was, according to Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England, by virtue of her marriage, not subject to many of the disabilities most married women suffered. She didn’t lose her legal identity but instead was

a public person, exempt and distinct from the king, and not like other married women so closely connected as to have lost all separate existence, so long as the marriage continues. For the Queen is of ability to purchase lands, and to convey them, to make leases, to grant copyholds, and to do other acts of ownership, without the concurrence of her lord, which no other married woman can do.2

And, alas, except for those with royal ancestry, it’s a term most of us will come across — if at all — in records of laws imposed on our ancestors.

But there’s another word just above that word in the legal dictionaries we may also come across on occasion. A quean was a “worthless woman; a strumpet.”3 And, yes, the term strumpet is also found in the law dictionaries: “A whore, harlot, or courtesan. This word was anciently used for an addition. It occurs as an addition to the name of a woman in a return made by a jury in the sixth year of Henry V.”4

That one, at least, offers the potential for some fun…


SOURCES

Image: OpenClipArt, user casino.

  1. Henry Campbell Black, A Dictionary of Law (St. Paul, Minn. : West, 1891), 979, “queen.”
  2. William Blackstone, Commentaries on the Laws of England, Book the First: Of the Rights of Persons, 9th edition (London: 1793), 208; digital images, Google Books (http://books.google.com : accessed 3 June 2015).
  3. Ibid., “quean.”
  4. Ibid., 1128, “strumpet.”
Posted in Legal definitions | 1 Comment

Your own, that is…

There is nothing like it in this world.

Nothing that quite compares to the feeling any genealogist has, sitting there, holding in your hand, a piece of your own family history.

Archives1And thanks to the Texas State Library and Archives (TSLA), that’s the feeling The Legal Genealogist has had these past few days… and why I’m having such mixed feelings today.

On one hand, I’m looking forward, as always, to the Southern California Genealogical Society’s DNA Day and Jamboree. It gets underway tomorrow at the Marriott in Burbank, and I’m looking forward to seeing old friends and meeting new ones.

On the other hand, it’s awfully hard to leave Texas today… and leave my family history behind.

Jelain Chubb, Texas State Archivist, and her staff have built and are continuing to expand an amazing array of documents and artifacts of historical and genealogical value at TSLA, and it’s got a wealth of material to offer to anyone with Texas roots.

For genealogists, TSLA’s holdings include vital statistics indexes, an index to Confederate pension applications, Adjutant General service records, Republic of Texas claims, Confederate indigent families lists, county tax rolls, city directories, 1867 voters’ registration, Texas convict record ledgers and indexes, and Republic of Texas passports — just to name a few.

There’s an astonishingly broad manuscript collection, maps, prints and photographs, including a wide variety of Sanborn fire insurance maps in full color, audio and video histories and so much more.

An extensive microfilm collection — including county records and a wide variety of newspapers — matches up with reader-scanner equipment so users can bring digital copies of microfilmed documents home with them.

A major preservation and digitization effort is underway right now focusing on the records of the Texas Supreme Court — a record set Chubb rightly describes as “much much more than just legal history. These are records that do reflect the state’s legal history, yes, but also the history of our people — the social and cultural life during the Republic and early statehood years.”

Folks with Texas ancestry looking to see what TSLA might have to offer their research efforts can check into the Genealogy Resources Available at Our Library web page at the TSLA site; a guide to the Online Collections provides an in-depth look at what’s available online.

TSLA is open five days a week, Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. and 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. on the second Saturday of each month. There are computer terminals with access to all the major online databases such Ancestry and Fold3, and an easy-to-use scanner any visitor can use even for personal scanning like family photographs.

And for those at a distance, there are special online exhibits, like those focusing on Historic Flags of Texas, Under the Rebel Flag: Life in Civil War Texas, Texas Treasures and more. (Check out the online exhibits page here.)

I owe a great big thank you to Teri Flack, a member of the Austin Genealogical Society and a volunteer at TSLA, for arranging a chance for me to tour the Archives and get an idea from Jelain Chubb of what the future might hold… like those Supreme Court cases.

But the biggest thanks I owe is for being able to sit there and hold those records in my hands. My great grandfather Jasper Robertson was a guard in the Texas state prison system from 1893 through 1900. Every time he picked up a monthly paycheck, he had to sign a ledger sheet showing he’d been paid.

And though the records have been digitized, and I could see them online, there’s nothing in this world that quite compares to the feeling you have, sitting there, holding in your hand, a piece of your own family history.

Jasper1

The very last payroll signature my great grandfather inked, before leaving for Oklahoma in June of 1900.

Kudos to the Texas State Library and Archives.

Posted in My family, Resources | 4 Comments

A resting place of peace

The Oakwood Cemetery Annex in Austin, Texas, is the last resting place of one of The Legal Genealogist‘s great granduncles.

OakwoodAnd it wasn’t a place I was entirely sure I ever wanted to see.

But yesterday I spent some time there, thanks to Inez Eppright, a member of the Austin Genealogical Society.

And I’m so glad I did.

This great granduncle’s full name was John Elijah Robertson, and he was born in Mississippi in February 1850, the second son and second child of my second great grandparents, Gustavus and Isabella (Gentry) Robertson.

You can track him through census and vital records throughout his lifetime:

• He’s the infant Elijah on the 1850 census of Winston County, Mississippi, in the household of his very young parents. His older brother William and grandfather William Robertson rounded out that enumerated family.1

• In 1860, he was enumerated as 10-year-old Elijha in the household of his parents in Attala County, Mississippi.2

• In 1870, he was shown as 20-year-old John E., still living with his parents, but in Lamar County, Texas.3

• On 7 April 1876, John married Martha Jane Ellis in Delta County, Texas.4

• In 1880, John, Martha and two children — Marshal, born around 1877, and Gertrude, born in August 1879 — were all living there in Delta County, Texas.5

• By 1900, things had changed — terribly. John was enumerated alone in Austin, Travis County, Texas.6

• In 1910, he was still enumerated far from his family, alone, in Austin.7

• In 1920, the same was true: still alone, still far from his family, in Austin.8

• The last record of John Elijah Robertson is his death certificate, dated 30 December 1923, in Austin. It records his burial, on 1 January 1924, there at Oakwood.9

So… why was I not sure I wanted to see where John was buried?

Because John spent all of those last years of his life — the years he was not with his family — living in what came to be known as the Texas State Hospital but was then called the Texas State Lunatic Asylum.

He had suffered a total breakdown in 1884, and was committed to the asylum by the Delta County Court on an application filed by his own father and brother.10

Think about it. And do the math. John spent nearly four decades as a patient — an inmate — at that asylum.

And though I knew John wasn’t buried in the asylum cemetery, I wasn’t at all sure John’s grave wouldn’t have been part of a mass pauper’s grave somewhere on the Oakwood cemetery grounds. Read the description of the cemetery at Find-A-Grave and it sure seems like a reasonable concern: “Paupers were historically buried in unmarked graves on the cemetery’s south side. Graves without permanent markers were subject to reburial after a given period.”11

When Inez picked me up yesterday morning, to change hotels from the one where I had stayed as a speaker for the Austin Genealogical Society seminar this past weekend to the one where I’ll stay to do some family research, I asked her if she thought we might be able to find anything about John’s burial at Oakwood.

She was able to guide me, first, to information on the website of the Austin Genealogical Society, identifying John’s exact gravesite — section C, row 21, plot 5, of the Oakwood Cemetery Annex. Unmarked, yes, but according to that information it didn’t sound like it was a mass grave.

Then she drove me to the cemetery where we found that location on the cemetery map.

And then she drove me right to that part of the cemetery… which wasn’t a mass pauper’s grave area at all.

I don’t know whether John’s family made special arrangements. I don’t know if perhaps things were just different in 1924. But — as you can see in the image above (click on it to see it larger) — where John is buried is a quiet, lovely, peaceful corner of this very old, very stately cemetery in Austin.

Thank you, Inez, for the guided tour.

Thank you, Austin Genealogical Society, for the work to make data about the burials of so many members of so many families accessible.

And thank you, Austin, for having this quiet, lovely, peaceful corner in which my so very troubled great granduncle can rest.

Rest in peace, Uncle John.


SOURCES

  1. See 1850 U.S. census, Winston County, Mississippi, population schedule, p. 372 (stamped), dwelling 809, family 816, Elijah “Robinson”; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 12 July 2002); citing National Archive microfilm publication M432, roll 382.
  2. 1860 U.S. census, Attala County, Mississippi, population schedule, p. 76 (penned), dwelling 455, family 494, “Elijha” Robertson; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 29 June 2002); citing National Archive microfilm publication M653, roll 577.
  3. 1870 U.S. census, Lamar County, Texas, Paris Post Office, population schedule, p. 253(B) (stamped), dwelling/family 307, John E. Robertson; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 9 Oct 2011); citing National Archive microfilm publication M593, roll 1594.
  4. Delta County, Texas, Marriage Book 1: 148, J E Robertson and Martha Jane Ellis (4 Apr 1876), marriage license and return; County Clerk’s Office, Cooper.
  5. 1880 U.S. census, Delta County, Texas , Preciinct 3, population schedule, enumeration district (ED) 20, p. 402(C) (stamped), dwelling 111, family 112, John E Robertson household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 12 Oct 2011); citing National Archive microfilm publication T9, roll 1300.
  6. 1900 U.S. census, Travis County, Texas, Austin, population schedule, enumeration district (ED) 141, p. 102(B) (stamped), dwelling/family 1, John E Robertson; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 13 Oct 2011); citing National Archive microfilm publication T623, roll 1673.
  7. 1910 U.S. census, Travis County, Texas, Austin, population schedule, enumeration district (ED) 136, p. 111(A) (stamped), dwelling/family 1, J E Robertson; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 14 Oct 2011); citing National Archive microfilm publication T624, roll 1595.
  8. 1920 U.S. census, Travis County, Texas, Austin, population schedule, enumeration district (ED) 106, p. 267(A) (stamped), dwellin/family not given, J E Robertson; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 15 Oct 2011); citing National Archive microfilm publication T625, roll 1852.
  9. Texas State Board of Health, death certificate no. 638255, J E Robertson (30 Dec 1923); Bureau of Vital Statistics, Austin.
  10. Delta County, Texas, Probate Court Minute Book E: 263-265 (1 Aug 1884); Court Clerk’s office, Cooper.
  11. Find A Grave.com, “Oakwood Cemetery Annex” (http://www.findagrave.com/ : accessed 31 May 2015).
Posted in My family | 4 Comments